The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular breeds known today. They are typically sturdy, medium-large sized dogs. Their heads are broad and their muzzles are straight, tapering slightly with a well-defined stop. Their noses are black or a brownish black. They have dense water resistant coats. Their coat color varies from light cream to rich golden brown. Golden’s love to track, retrieve, and swim. They are often used as narcotics detectives, service animals, guide dogs, birddogs, or therapy dogs.
Originating in the Scottish Highlands in the late 1800s, the Golden Retriever was developed by Lord Tweedmouth, by crossing the original yellow Flat-Coated Retriever with the now extinct Tweed Water Spaniel. He later crossed in the Bloodhound, Irish Setter and more Tweed Water Spaniel. The dogs were called the Golden Flat-Coat and only later were they given the name Golden Retriever.
These are lovable, well-mannered, intelligent dogs with a great charm. They are easily trained, and always patient and gentle with children. Charming, devoted, and self-assured, they are a popular family dog. Energetic and loving, Golden Retrievers enjoy pleasing their human companions, so obedience training can be very rewarding. They excel in competitions. Friendly with everyone, including other dogs, the Golden Retriever has very little, if any, guarding instincts. While unlikely to attack, Goldens still make good watchdogs, loudly signaling a stranger’s approach.
- Height: 20 – 14 inches
- Weight: 55 – 80 pounds
- Lifespan: 10 – 12 years
- Grooming: Brush often and bathe as necessary
Care & Health
Golden Retrievers need to be taken on daily runs, brisk walks, or bike rides. If this breed does not get enough exercise they are prone to hyperactivity. If given enough exercise they can live in an apartment, but they enjoy a yard to tun around in. Golden’s can be prone to hip dysplasia and certain types of cancers. They can also gain weight easily, so monitoring food intake is a must.
Your Love Match
The perfect pet parent of a Golden Retriever: