Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog Breed


Bernese Mountain Dogs are large, strong, sturdy dogs. They have broad faces and muzzles. This breed has a long, thick coat suitable for cold climates and bushy tails. These dogs are tricolor with symmetrical black, white, and rust markings.


The Bernese Mountain dog originated in the Swiss mountains. Many 18th Century paintings show dogs who look like a Bernese-type dog. The breed was named for the Canton of Bern in Switzerland. They were working dogs particularly good at draft work, pulling carts to market. They also were used to drive dairy cattle, to watch over the farm, and as companions to the farmers.

By the end of the 19th Century, many other working dogs were being imported to Switzerland, which brought the numbers of the Bernese down as workers began to use other types of dogs. An effort was made by a group of people including Professor Albert Heim and Franz Schertenleib to preserve the breed. They went around finding the remaining dogs they could in order to stabilize the Bernese. Today the breed makes a wonderful companion and they still enjoy whatever draft work you can give them. The breed’s talents are tracking, herding, watch, guarding, search and rescue, and carting.


The Bernese Mountain dog is typically cheerful and loves children. If they are socialized well as a puppy, they will do well with other animals later in life. The Bernese tends to act like a puppy for a bit longer than other dogs. They love to play and are relatively easy to train. They can be sensitive to punishment, so during training be firm, but gentle and patient. This breed loves to be outside but needs to live indoors with their family. A Bernese Mountain Dog is a loyal friend for life!


  • Height: 23 – 28 inches
  • Weight: 80 – 110 pounds
  • Lifespan: 6 – 8 years
  • Grooming: Frequent brushing

Care & Health

Bernese Mountain Dogs do not do well in apartments! They need a large, fenced yard to play in. They are also sensitive to heat, and do much better in cooler climates. They are prone to cancer, bloating, eyelid, hip, and joint problems. Parents of this breed should be weary of over feeding. A Bernese will eat until they are more than full! Being overweight could cause additional health issues. This breed also has a thick coat that needs frequent brushing.

Your Love Match

The perfect pet parent of a Bernese Mountain Dog:

  • Has a yard
  • Calm
  • Lives in a cooler climate
  • Active