Considered one of the smartest dog breeds, the German Shepherd is unrivaled when it comes to work ethic, which is why German Shepherds often serve as police dogs.
German Shepherds have a long muzzle, a domed forehead and a black nose. Their eyes are brown and lively. Their ears stand upright, but may droop in puppies. They have an elongated muscular body that ends with a bushy tail. The breed comes in a variety of colors, the most common are tan/black and red/black.
German Shepherds are an intelligent, strong and muscular breed. Because dogs of this breed are so smart and strong they require a confident and composed trainer to properly challenge them both physically and mentally.
The German Shepherd breed originated in Germany, and as the name suggests their purpose was herding sheep. The German breeders were intent on making sure the Shepherd possessed speed, agility, a keen sense of smell as well as intelligence. Max von Stephanitz, considered to be the father of the breed, carefully hand-picked a dog named Hektor, whom he believed possessed all these characteristics. Today’s German Shepherds around the world all share genetics with Hektor.
German Shepherds are known for being suspicious of strangers, which is why this breed can be the perfect dog for family and home protection. With the right guardian, German Shepherds are brave, alert, and keen on learning.
- Height: Males 24 – 26 inches / Females 22 – 24 inches
- Weight: 77 – 85 pounds
- Lifespan: 13 years
- Grooming: Low maintenance
Care & Health
German Shepherds require a great deal of activity. They are not couch dogs. German Shepherds like to be challenged physically and mentally. Living in an apartment is okay as long as the dog gets plenty of daily exercise. Having a German Shepherd is a great reason to get off the couch!
Due to overbreeding, German Shepherds have a few hereditary health problems. The most common health issues are hip and elbow dysplasia as well as digestive problems.
Your Love Match
The perfect pet parent of a German Shepherd:
- Willing to train