(ENDANGERED SPECIES/WILDLIFE CONSERVATION) Today, May 18, marks the 13th annual Endangered Species Day.

Established in 2006 by Congress, Endangered Species Day celebrates the importance of endangered wildlife and educates the public on how to save these amazing animals from extinction.

The Endangered Species Act has prevented the extinction of hundreds of species, including the gray wolf, bald eagle, grizzly bear, and whooping crane. Endangered Species Day aims to highlight these success stories while providing an opportunity to learn more about the actions we can take to help protect precious wildlife.

Global efforts to end poaching and wildlife trafficking are greater than ever, but there is still a long way to go. In the list below, take a look at the facts about threatened and endangered wildlife by the numbers. — Global Animal

Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus Leucocephalus, adult female head study, Gauntlet Raptor Centre, Cheshire, England, United Kingdom. (Photo by: UIG via Getty Images)
Once on the verge of extinction, bald eagles have made a spectacular recovery. In June 2007, the bird’s recovery prompted its removal from the Endangered Species List. Today, there are about 250,000 bald eagles. Photo credit: birdsguide.blogspot.com

30

The percentage of wetlands lost in the last 40 years.

32

The percentage of listed species that are declining.

33

In 1941, there were only 21 wild whooping cranes in Canada and the United States. Now there are an estimated 600 whooping cranes in the wild.

The percentage decline in grassland butterflies between 1990 and 2012.

39

The percentage decline in wetland-dependent species between 1970 and 2012.

58

The percentage decline of vertebrate animals – mammals, birds and fish – between 1970 and 2012.

68

The percentage of listed species that are stable or improving.

Severe bleaching last year on the northern Great Barrier Reef affected even the largest and oldest corals, like this slow-growing Porites colony. Photo Credit: Terry Hughes et al./Nature

75

The percentage of the world’s coral reefs that are threatened. While reefs cover less than 0.1 percent of the total area of the world’s oceans, they support more than 25 percent of all marine fish species.

81

The percentage decline of freshwater species between 1970 and 2012.

99

The percentage of species ever listed under the act that remain on the planet today.

172

After receiving protection under the ESA in 1975, grizzly bears have begun to make a comeback. Photo Credit: In Habitat

The number of species that potentially could have become extinct from 1973 to 1998 if the Endangered Species Act protections were not in place.

286

The number of species on the candidate list, deemed as deserving of protection.

885

The number of listed domestic species that have never had their critical habitat designated as called for in the act.

1,459

The number of animals listed as endangered or threatened by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Source:  U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Federation, World Wildlife Federation

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