Pomeranians are small toy sized dogs with thick fluffy coats and feathered tails. The coat is longer around the neck and chest area. They come in a variety of coat colors including red, orange, white, cream, blue, brown, black, tan, bridle, or a combination of those colors. They are referred to often by their nickname, “Pom”. Some of the Pom’s talents include: agility, learning tricks, guarding their homes, and being adorable.
Pomeranians got their name from the region of Pomerania, which is now the area of Germany and Poland, where it was developed from the ancient Spitz breeds. The original Pomeranians were much larger, weighing up to 30 pounds, and worked as sheep herders. Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola, Mozart and Queen Victoria all owned Pomeranians. In 1870 the Kennel Club in England first recognized them as a breed. In 1888 Queen Victoria began breeding and showing the dogs. It was she who started breeding them down in size, making the breed very popular in England.
Pomeranians are proud, active, lively little dogs. They are very intelligent, eager to learn, and will master tricks easily. They are very loyal to their families and make great companion dogs. Poms tend to be picky eaters and loud barkers. Be firm with bark training early on to avoid excess yapping. This breed makes a confident pack leader and needs to be socialized with other dogs and children early on to avoid domineering behavior.
- Height: 7 – 12 inches
- Weight: 3 – 7 pounds
- Lifespan: 15 years
- Grooming: Brush frequently and clean eyes and ears daily
Care & Health
Pomeranians are good for apartment living, as they get most of their exercise from playing indoors. However, they do still need to go on a daily walk. Poms can be sensitive to the heat due to their thick coat, shade and water should always be available to avoid overheating. Newborn Poms are very tiny and fragile. About 3 newborns can fit in the palm of an average sized hand. Treat your young Pom with tender care, as they are fragile. As adults Pomeranians are prone to a few health problems, including: dislocated kneecaps, heart problems, eye infections, skin irritations, and tooth decay. It has been recommended they are fed dry food and milk bones to strengthen their teeth and gums.
Your Love Match
The perfect pet parent of a Pomeranian: